Staying Fit for A Long and Healthy Life
Winter is here, and along with it comes a whole lot of changes in our bodies. During Winter, our bodies go through automatic physiological changes to adjust to the colder climate. These thermoregulation systems are what keep us in a homeostatic state, functioning and avoiding sickness. As we age these bodily functions slow down, making it harder for us to fend off some of the sickness and aches, which are present in these months. This results in an increase in the number of falls during the winter months, particularly for individuals over the age of 65 years old, where approximately 30% of adults over this age experience at least one fall per year.
Not only is this number alarming, but Australia’s ageing population means this is set to grow, so we need an action plan! Fall risks for the elderly can be divided into two main categories:
Health Based Risks – These are related to the physiological functions of the body slowing down, so problems with balance, vision, body weakness, the onset of chronic illnesses, and medication side-effects all can have a considerable effect on your ability to stand up-right. These body weaknesses include a decrease in bone density and stre